I specialize in copy editing and proofreading nonfiction manuscripts, articles, business documents, and branding projects.

Depending on the industry and author, different terms for editing have different definitions. So I thought I’d clear up what I mean when I say proofread, copy edit, line edit, and developmental edit. I’ve listed them in the order that a published work needs, though I focus mainly on the last two forms.

Types of Editing

Developmental editing

You’ve finished a rough draft and need big picture help. This could include content gaps, organization, structure, narrative, or dialogue. This phase should be done at least once (multiple times for novel-length items) before heading on to line or copy editing.

Line editing

You have the ideas down but need help with making your writing more engaging. You’ve already worked with someone else on the big changes, and now you need to focus on the lines. This is where we focus on the craft of writing. Often this is synonymous with a heavy copy edit, where I’ll look for run-on sentences, repeated word usage, passages that can be tightened or spruced up, and other mid-level issues.

Copy editing

You have worked with someone on big picture issues and perhaps line-level ones and now need to clean up the piece. This is my bread and butter. I hold to Amy Einsohn’s four Cs of copyediting: consistency, clarity, cohesion, and correctness, all in the name of communication. I’m not necessarily rewriting whole sentences (though I’ll certainly help you limit the use of “there are” and “it is” that are the foundation of a first draft); I’ll be focusing on making everything consistent, which usually means using a specific style guide (I prefer CMS but also use APA and MLA) and dictionary as a reference. 

Proofreading

You’ve been edited in various levels and are itching to publish but you want to (and should!) get another pair of eyes on your work that look for mistakes. Very few changes should be happening at this point. I’ll be looking for typos, small things that need correcting (missing commas, switching a comma to an em dash, etc.), and formatting issues (missing hanging indents, consistent image placement, italics for terms, etc.).

Starting to Work with Me

I’ve found that each project has different quirks, so listing out prices doesn’t really help anyone. If you are interested in working with me, let me know the length of work (double-spaced page count or word count), your time frame, and the depth of review you’d like, and I can give you a quote. I typically follow Editors Freelance Association rates.

I offer new clients a free sample edit. This way you can see if we’ll be a good fit together. Typically when authors take me up on this, I ask for a sample section from the middle of their work and do five or so pages. I like to thoroughly understand what you’re looking for in an editor before I get started, so let me know which of the above forms of review you’re looking for. And if you don’t have any idea—no worries! I can help with that too. I don’t typically do more than five pages of editing, and if it’s a short piece, one standard manuscript page.

Additional Rates and Fees

If you are from a nonprofit or academic organization, fees may vary. Contact me for adjusted rates.

And of course, if you need it done sooner than we originally agreed, there will be a rush fee as needed.